“Intangible cultural heritage means the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills—as well as the instruments, objects, artifacts and cultural spaces associated therewith—that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage.”
—“Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage 2003,” United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Around the world, intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is critical to maintaining cultural diversity. ICH is being threatened in many parts of the world due to the growing globalization of goods and ideas, destruction of natural and cultural resources, war, and dislocation of peoples. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization [UNESCO] is leading efforts to safeguard endangered ICH through training and advocacy.
China, a country undergoing massive changes, has made a deep commitment to ICH. Thousands of workers are documenting and recommending ICH for safeguards on the local, provincial, and national level. To ensure that these recognized ICH elements would be protected and strengthened, many new strategies for protection and perpetuation are being established.
非物质文化遗产对于保存世界文化的多样性至关重要。由于商品和信息的全球化、人类对自然和文化资源的破坏、战争、以及人口的流动， 世界上很多地方的非物质文化遗产正在受到威胁。联合国教科文组织通过培训、宣传和推出 2003 年《非物质文化遗产保护公约》等一系列努力来推动对濒危非物质文化遗产的保护。